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Educational Service Unit 13

Special Education


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Is my child's communication developing normally?

All children develop differently, but if you are concerned that your child might not be communicating the way he/she should, check out the following developmental milestones from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. These websites also contain some great tips and tricks for parents and caregivers!

Birth to 1

3 - 4 years

1st grade

4th grade

1 - 2 years

4 - 5 years

2nd grade

5th grade

2 - 3 years


3rd grade


What sounds should my child be able to produce?

Some speech sound errors are developmental, meaning they are part of normal speech development and aren't a cause for concern at certain ages. The charts below show what age children typically have mastered certain sounds.

Speech Sound Development Chart (female).pdf 

Speech Sound Development Chart (male).pdf

 Is my child really stuttering?

Some children experience normal disfluency as they are acquiring new language skills. How parents react to this disfluency can play a large role in their child's fluency. The Stuttering Foundation outlines developmental, mild, and severe stuttering below.

Stuttering Definitions

7 Tips for Talking with Your Child

 How can I help my child use more language?

As a parent, you are your child's first "teacher". Check out these blog posts for ways to encourage language development in young children.

5 Sneaky Ways to Encourage Your Child's Language Development

How to Listen So That Your Toddler Can Talk

Is My Baby Trying to Talk to Me?

Playing with a Purpose

 How do I make reading fun and interactive?

Reading to your child is one of the best things you can do for him/her! Reading can build a stronger relationship between parent and child, teach children how sounds are put together into words and how words are put together into sentences, and expose children to new experiences and cultures through story. 

Scottsbluff Public Library brochure                 Tips for Reading with Your Child